Death of Neonates Aged 0-28 days in Pangkep Regency

Authors

  • Novitha Sri Anas Magister Program in Public Health, Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Reza Aril Ahri Master in Public Health, Postgraduate Program, Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Haeruddin Haeruddin Master in Public Health, Postgraduate Program, Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Samsualam Samsualam Master in Public Health, Postgraduate Program, Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Fatmah Afrianty Gobel Master in Public Health, Postgraduate Program, Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Rezky Aulia Yusuf Department of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Nurmiati Muchlis Master in Public Health, Postgraduate Program, Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Makassar, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52103/jahr.v4i1.1509

Keywords:

Neonates, Deatd, Antenatal care

Abstract

Background: Nation. Neonatal mortality is an indicator to assess the degree of public health. This study was conducted toanalyze the risk factors for neonatal death aged 0-28 days in Pangkep Regency in 2022.

Method: This Study is an observational study with a case control research design. The population in this study was mothers who had babies died 0-28 days  and all mothers who had babies lived aged 0-28 days in Pangkep Regency. The sample number of case  groups was 40 respondents  and the sample number of control groups was 40 respondents with a total of 80 samples. The sampling technique in this study is a non-probability sampling method, namely Purposive Sampling.

Results: This study showed that significance values (1) mothers aged < 20 and > 35 years were 5.74  times more likely to experience neonatal death than mothers aged 20-35 years (CI95% = 5.74). (2) mothers with 1-time parity and 5 deliveries were 5.16 times more likely to have neonatal death than mothers with 2-4 deliveries (CI95%= 5.16) (3) mothers with a birth distance of < 1 year were 7.85 times more likely to have neonatal death than  mothers with a birth distance of > 2 years (CI95%= 7.85) (4) access to health care was not at risk of neonatal death (CI95%= 0.81)  (5) mothers with knowledge who were approximately 5.57 times more likely to experience neonatal death than mothers with good knowledge (CI95%= 5.57) (6) mothers with less than 4 times  more than 5.57 times more risk of neonatal death than mothers with antenatal care examination> 4 times (CI95%= 52.76) (7) Antenatal care examination is the most risk factor for neonatal death with an Odd Ratio (EXP(B)) value of 12.767.

Suggestion: It is hoped that health workers together with the community will further improve pregnancy screening to prevent high mortality of neonates.

 

Published

2023-06-18

How to Cite

Anas, N. S., Ahri, R. A., Haeruddin, H., Samsualam, S., Gobel, F. A., Yusuf, R. A., & Muchlis, N. (2023). Death of Neonates Aged 0-28 days in Pangkep Regency. Journal of Aafiyah Health Research (JAHR), 4(1), 1-17. https://doi.org/10.52103/jahr.v4i1.1509